Lebenswelten kabbalistischer Terminologie
‚Tiqqun‘ in der Frühen Neuzeit
Seiten 119 - 137
This article explores the philosophical dimension of Kabbalistic terminology with the help of the Hebrew term tiqqun, as well as the history of this concept. Hans Blumenberg’s understanding of “absolute metaphors” will be applied to the concept of tiqqun in early modern history. It will be shown how the Jewish lifeworld in Northern Italy changed under the influence of Lurianic Kabbalah, while newly founded confraternities introduced the ritual of tiqqun ḥaṣot. R. Moshe Zacuto, who was one of the leading kabbalists in Italy at that time, played a central role in this process. The main part of the article explains the Lurianic understanding of tiqqun ḥaṣot and the related dynamics within the sefirotic world. The illustrations found in JTS Ms. 4599 fit in very well with these Lurianic descriptions, in particular that of fol. 344b. The last part of the article deals with Sabbatean versions of the ritual, Hasidic innovations of tiqqun (R. Naḥman of Bratzlaw), and the modern concept of tiqqun ‘olam.